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Sample: Sample (1) The random sample method of logging the communication and public performances of a musical work (for example, radio performance logs used by performing rights organizations like SOCAN). Sample (2) As in “sampling a record”. A creative appropriation of a section, piece or element of a copyrighted sound recording and the underlying musical composition. In most cases, the "sample" must be cleared with the copyright owners (typically, record label and music publisher), to avoid possible infringement claims.